Martin, Pierre Emile

SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy
[br]
b. 18 August 1824 Bourges, France
d. 23 May 1915 Fourchambault, France
[br]
French metallurgist, pioneer of open-hearth steelmaking.
[br]
His father Emile owned an iron-and steelworks at Sireuil, near Angoulême, and, through this, Pierre became interested in improving the steelmaking process. In England, C.W. Siemens had developed the regenerative principle of waste-heat recovery that produced a much higher furnace temperature. In 1863, the Martins applied this process in an open-hearth furnace built under licence from Siemens, with the aid of his engineers. They melted a mixture of pig-and wrought iron to produce steel with the required carbon content. Martin exhibited the product at the Paris Exhibition of 1867 and was awarded a gold medal. The open-hearth process was for a long time known as the Siemens-Martin process, but Martin did not share in the profits which others gained from its successful adoption. He had difficulty in obtaining patent rights as it was claimed that the principles of the process were already known and in use. The costs of litigation brought Martin to the brink of poverty, from which relief came only late in life, when in 1907 the Comité des Forges de France opened a subscription for him that was generously supported. A week before his death, the Iron and Steel Institute of London bestowed on him their Bessemer gold medal.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Iron and Steel Institute Bessemer Gold Medal 1915.
Further Reading
Obituary, 1915, Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute 91:466.
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martin, Pierre-Émile — ▪ French engineer born Aug. 18, 1824, Bourges, Fr. died May 23, 1915, Fourchambault  French engineer who invented the Siemens–Martin (open hearth) process, which produced most of the world s steel until the development of the basic oxygen process …   Universalium

  • Pierre-Émile Martin — Nom de naissance Pierre Emile Blaise MARTIN Naissance 17 août 1824 Bourges, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Emile Martin — Pierre Émile Martin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martin. Pierre Émile Martin (né en 1824 à Bourges et décédé en 1915 à Fourchambault) est un ingénieur des mines de Paris et industriel français. On lui doit l application du principe de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Émile Martin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martin. Pierre Émile Martin (né en 1824 à Bourges et décédé en 1915 à Fourchambault) est un ingénieur des mines de Paris et industriel français. On lui doit l application du principe de la récupération des gaz… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Émile Martin — Pierre Émile Martin, (* 18. August 1824 in Bourges; † 23. Mai 1915 in Fourchambault) war ein französischer Hüttentechniker. François Marie Emile Martin (1794 1871) und sein Sohn Pierre führten in Sireuil bei Angoulême (Südfrankreich) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martin-pierre tremblay — Nom de naissance Martin Pierre Tremblay Naissance 1972 Nationalité Canadienne Profession(s) écrivain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin-Pierre Tremblay — Nom de naissance Martin Pierre Tremblay Naissance 1972 Nationalité Canadienne Profession écrivain Martin Pierre Tremblay …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Émile Martin — Infobox Engineer image size = 150px caption = Pierre Émile Martin name = Pierre Émile Martin nationality = France birth date = 18 August, 1824 birth place = Bourges death date = 23 May, 1915 death place = Fourchambault education = spouse =… …   Wikipedia

  • Martín — Martin ist ein männlicher Vorname und Familienname. Die weibliche Form des Namens lautet Martina. Der Nachname Martin ist in vielen Ländern verbreitet. In Frankreich zum Beispiel ist er der häufigste Familienname und auch im englischsprachigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martín. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Martin » …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.